The director of the Catholic Media Center/CAMCAM, Rev. Fr. Ambrose Dayouga Kroma, has urged Liberian journalists and media institutions to stop being foot-soldiers of propaganda and the promotion of selfish interests.They should instead adhere to principles and the ethics of journalism and better serve the human and national interests.Rev. Fr. Kroma made the statement yesterday at the opening of a one-day training workshop for journalists and editorial staff of Radio VERITAS.The workshop focused on the ethics and standards in journalism.Whenever media institutions are manipulated by self-interests and personal aggrandizement, good journalists will inadvertently, do damage when they report controversial and sensational stories out of context, said Fr. Kroma.According to him, failure to maintain ethical principles in the newsroom and poor understanding of the potential impact of the powerful effect of words and images can lead to acts of journalism that encourage hatred, violence, discrimination as well as social and economic injustice, and the lack of peace.The Catholic Media Center director said: “You will agree with me that the news room in Liberia today, like in any other country, is a very challenging place. For in the competitive world of the modern media, information flies around at lightning speed. There is little time for checking facts and images or confirming information and virtually no space for laid back discussions on the ethics of journalism.” It is within this conviction that management in an effort to rebrand radio VERITAS in terms of content, outlook, and human-centered programming, has embarked on the second of a series of workshops focusing on journalistic ethics, Rev.Fr. Kroma disclosed.“I hope that through this workshop, a clearer understanding of the station’s mission statement and editorial policy as laid down by the Catholic Church will be understood and serve as a guiding principle in our effort to educate the public and promote the social, economic, moral and spiritual well being of our society,” he declared.Despite the scarcity of time, he strongly believes that given the vital role and importance of credible information to peace building in post conflict Liberia, reporters and editors must pause and take a moment to judge the potential impact of offensive, divisive and inflammatory news content.Failure to give due consideration to this delicate act of managing and balancing information in journalism can result to tragic consequences, he warned.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
ST EUNAN’S GAA NEWS:The Seniors recorded an excellent away victory over Kilcar, winning by 1-13 to 2-09 with Kevin Rafferty the goal-scorer.The Reserves suffered their first defeat of the season losing by one point on a 1-09 to 1-08 scoreline. Next up for both teams is a home tie with Glenswilly this weekend. The Junior footballers had a comfortable 4-10 to 2-04 win over McCumhaills in their first league game of the season. Man of the match Nigel Kennedy celebrated his birthday by scoring a hat-trick whilst veteran Anthony Walsh showed all his experience to score a well taken goal. Next game at home on Saturday evening against Ardara. Congratulations to Ray Durack and the Donegal Hurlers who maintained their NHL Div.2B status, beating Tyrone in their playoff replay by 2-16 to 2-12.The Senior hurlers were defeated in the Táin League by Knockbridge, losing 2-12 to 1-10. They now travel to face Na Seamróga on Sunday at 1pm.The Minor Hurlers were defeated by Ballyshannon 1-13 to 1-08. They play at home this Thursday at 7pm against Burt in the league. Minor Hurling training continues every Tuesday at 5pm.The U-16 footballers had a comfortable win over Cloughaneely while the Dev. squad drew with Termon, 4-05 to 3-08.The U-14 hurlers recorded a 5-09 to 1-00 victory over Letterkenny Gaels last week.The U-14 Girls’ Camogie team travelled to Garvaghey last weekend for the Ulster Féile tournament. The girls performed brilliantly and made it all the way to the semi final. Well done to all involved.Well done to the U-14 boys football team who travelled to Buncrana for the John McFadden Memorial Blitz and won all their games en route to lifting the trophy. The boys recorded victories over Urris, Ardboe, Clann Eireann, Steelstown and then defeated hosts Buncrana in the final. The team and management would like to thank CLG Buncrana for their hospitality on a most enjoyable day.The U12 Camogie team played an away game against Letterkenny Gaels on Thursday evening last. The final score was a win for our girls by 2-3 to 0-0. Under 11 boys’ football training continues on Mondays and Thursdays from 5.45pm to 7pm in O’Donnell Park.Congratulations to Anne Nicholls and her fantastic committee of organisers and participants who last weekend picked up their award from Letterkenny Chamber of Commerce for Best Sports Category float in this year’s St.Patrick’s Day parade. A fully deserved award for their brilliant presentation on the day.Cash 4 Clothes 4 Féile: Are you doing a spring clean this year? Tidying up that wardrobe and wondering where to put your old clothes? As part of our “4 for Féile” fundraising campaign we are collecting all your old clothes which we hope to turn into cash to help fund our four teams that will compete in this year’s Féile events. The boys and girls U14 Footballers will travel to the south-east (Wexford – Carlow – Wicklow) in late June for the All-Ireland Féile whilst the U14 Hurlers and Camógs will act as hosts for this year’s Ulster Féile.You can drop your black bags of old clothes to O’Donnell Park on Sunday, April 26th & May 3rd during the Century Cinemas Sunday Morning Academy. You can also drop off on Fridays April 24th and May 1st during the Hurling and Camogie Academy between 6.30pm and 8pm. Alternatively, if anyone has stuff and needs it collected, contact Eunan O’Donnell at 087 6775637. Your support is greatly appreciated for these young sports people.The Annual St. Eunan’s G.A.A. Golf Classic in association with Diver’s Hyundai, Canal Rd. Letterkenny will take place on Saturday 23rd May. Entry for a team of 4 is only €100 with some excellent prizes on offer. Please contact James Friel on 086 8255474 or Paul Carr on 087 2836567 for bookings/information.Please continue to support the Tesco Supporting Communities initiative in Tesco Letterkenny by placing your blue tokens in the St. Eunan’s GAA donation box when you pass through the checkout in Tesco.This week’s winning lotto numbers were 4,5,9,14.9 people matched 3 numbers, each winning €15.Ciaran Harvey, CoolboyDeclan and Cathy Nee, CoolboyJim Clarke, ArdigarrySean Dunne, FernhillEdward and Pauline Nugent, CarnamuggaghAbove all Driect DebitErin McLaughlinLaurence Begley, 25 Gort na GreineMatthew DunneBrendan Brogan, 14 Oakland ParkAbove all sold by Adrian.ST EUNAN’S JUNIOR SIDE RECORD COMFORTABLE WIN OVER MAC CUMHAILLS was last modified: April 21st, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GAANoticesSportSt Eunans
Roberto Firmino is facing a late fitness test ahead of Liverpool’s Champions League opener against PSG on Tuesday night.The Brazilian striker was involved in a freak incident with Jan Vertonghen during the 2-1 win over Tottenham on Saturday. 3 Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Every Championship club’s best signing of the decade, including Taarabt and Dack Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade Liverpool XI: Alisson; Alexander-Arnold, Gomez, Van Dijk, Robertson; Keita, Henderson, Milner; Salah, Firmino, Mane Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade silverware REVEALED England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions smart causal MONEY impact possible standings BEST OF 3 Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade Will Henderson play? RANKED Vertonghen’s finger went directly into Firmino’s eye socket, forcing him to be substituted and taken to hospital, although the injury is not as bad as first feared.Speaking at Monday’s pre-match press conference, Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp said: “He couldn’t play today, no chance, but we are hoping tomorrow.“It is good news, it will be close. It was a big relief for all of us.”Daniel Sturridge and Xherdan Shaqiri will be pushing for a start should Firmino miss out. The Reds will be desperate for Firmino to feature Reds skipper Jordan Henderson was dropped to the bench at Wembley as Klopp admits he is still getting up to speed after missing a large chunk of pre-season.Liverpool have been been drawn into a seriously challenging group for the 2018/19 Champions League campaign.Napoli and Red Star Belgrade also await last season’s runners-up in Group C, however the Reds will fear nobody after winning all of their opening five Premier League games.This is how talkSPORT.com expects them to line up against Neymar and co: 3 LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS
The perks start Thursday for Southern California PGA section champion Scott Miller, the Moorpark Country Club head professional who has a 9 a.m. tee time in the Nationwide Tour’s Mark Christopher Charity Classic at Empire Lakes Golf Course in Rancho Cucamonga. Miller earned that berth and spots in three 2006 PGA Tour events by winning the section title in a playoff last month at PGA of Southern California Golf Club in Beaumont. The Simi Valley resident shot 7-under-par 209 (70-72-67) to finish in a four-way tie for first on the PGA of SC Champions course, then won on the first playoff hole to get this week’s Nationwide Tour opportunity. Coming up are berths in next year’s Bob Hope Chrysler Classic in Palm Desert, the Buick Invitational at Torrey Pines and the Nissan Open at Riviera Country Club. The section title also earned Miller a berth in the 2006 national Club Professional Championship and the $8,000 winner’s check. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 “The perks are unbelievable,” he said after outlasting Gary Sowinski of Rancho Santa Fe, Alan Sorenson of Bakersfield and fellow area pro Paul Holtby of Simi Valley in the playoff. “To be honest, it’s hard to put it into words. The next seven months are going to be a dream come true. I’ve been dreaming of getting to play in a PGA Tour event most of my life.” Professionals David Berganio Jr. of Sylmar, Steve Pate of Agoura Hills, Doug Garwood of Chatsworth and Tommy Barber of Burbank also will represent the area in the Nationwide tournament at Empire Lakes. Competition runs through Sunday in the $475,000 event at 7,107-yard, par-72, Arnold Palmer-designed Empire Lakes, where the winner will earn $85,000. Nice problem: Tom Barber, the SCPGA Hall of Famer and longtime Griffith Park head professional who also runs the Tom Barber Golf Center in Moorpark, finds himself with rooting interests at opposite ends of the country this week. On Thursday, his son Tommy will tee it up in the Mark Christopher Charity Classic, thanks to shooting a 6-under-par 66 in a qualifying tournament at the PGA of SC Champions course. On Saturday, Tom’s wife Diane opens play in the U.S. Senior Women’s Amateur Championship at Rye, N.Y. Tom would like to watch both of them play, but he’ll be cheering from afar for his son and working as caddie for Diane in the 36-hole USGA event at the 115-year-old The Apawamis Club this weekend. Success by his wife and son at about the same time is not unprecedented. Tommy was the Western State Conference scoring champion at College of the Canyons in 2002, when he led the Cougars to their third state title. The following year, Diane came within a few strokes of winning the WSC scoring title for the Canyons women’s team. Northridge improved: Jim Bracken opens his 20th season as Cal State Northridge men’s golf coach Monday, when his Matadors compete in the Northwest Collegiate at Corvallis, Ore., and Bracken thinks this might be a breakthrough year for CSUN. A longtime power in NCAA Division II, Northridge has qualified for regional play just once since stepping up to Division I in 1990. But Bracken is confident this team can contend for a Big West Conference title and the automatic regional berth that goes to the conference winner. Senior Doug Miller reached match play in the State Amateur this summer and freshman Erik Jarvey finished sixth in the Southern California Golf Association Amateur – twice shooting 67 in that championship at Tijeras Creek Golf Club in Rancho Santa Margarita. Joe Lopez from state champion Mt. San Antonio and Luis Kim from Rio Hondo are top junior college transfers. Freshmen Dean Tonnesian from Fresno and Albert Lee – who won a City Section championship for Fairfax of Los Angeles – are other newcomers expected to contribute on a club that also returns seniors Josh Lipman, Chris Pederson and twins Amrit and Amit Nat – another SCGA Amateur qualifier this summer. Fundraiser: Woodland Hills Country Club will be the site of a fundraising two-man scramble Monday, benefiting the Canoga Park Boys and Girls Club. The $150 per-player entry fee covers the cost of breakfast, lunch and dinner as well as golf, which starts at 10 a.m. Information: (818) 378-7700. … Names in the game: James Logeman, who helped spark an Oak Park High golf revival that earned the Eagles a No. 1 Daily News ranking and berth in the 2000 Southern Section team final, opened his final season at Long Beach State with a third-round 69 to share 12th place in the Gene Miranda Falcon Invitational at Colorado Springs. … Three-time All-Area golfer Ben Fox of Oakwood High of North Hollywood shot 68 Monday in his collegiate golf debut for Arizona. Fox, playing for the Wildcats’ JV team, followed with a second-round 72 and entered Tuesday’s final round of the Cal State Bakersfield Invitational three shots off the lead. Dave Shelburne covers golf for the Daily News. His column appears on Wednesdays. He can be reached at (818) 713-3609 or firstname.lastname@example.org ON THE GREEN PGA TOUR Lumber Classic at Farmington, Pa. Course: Nemacolin Woodlands Resort and Spa (7,471 yards, par 72) Schedule: Thursday through Sunday Purse: $4.4 million, ($792,000 to winner) TV: ESPN (Thursday-Sunday, 1-3 p.m.) LPGA TOUR John Q. Hammons Hotel Classic at Broken Arrow, Okla. Course: Cedar Ridge Country Club (6,551 yards, par 71) Schedule: Friday through Sunday Purse: $1 million, $150,000 to winner TV: The Golf Channel (Friday, 5-7 p.m.; Saturday-Sunday, 10:30 a.m.) CHAMPIONS Constellation Energy Classic at Hunt Valley, Md. Course: Hayfields Country Club (7,051 yards, par 72) Schedule: Friday through Sunday Purse: $1.7 million ($255,000 to winner). TV: The Golf Channel (Friday-Sunday, 10:30 a.m.-1 p.m., 7-9 p.m. SCORING PGA 1. Tiger Woods 68.89 2. Vijay Singh 68.93 3. Phil Mickelson 69.23 4. Jim Furyk 69.24 LPGA 1. Annika Sorenstam 69.33 2. Cristie Kerr 70.65 3. Paula Creamer 70.98 4. Lorena Ochoa 71.18 CHAMPIONS 1. Dana Quigley 69.48 2. Mark McNulty 69.62 3. Craig Stadler 69.71 4. Morris Hatalsky 69.81 4. D.A. Weibring 69.81 SPOTLIGHT MARK CALCAVECCHIA The 45-year-old, a 25-year PGA Tour veteran, shot 65-67-72-71_275 to become the oldest winner in the history of the Canadian Open, holding off Ben Crane and tour rookie Ryan Moore by a stroke at Shaughenessy Golf and Country Club in Vancouver, British Columbia. It was the 12th tour victory for the 1989 British Open champion and his first since the 2001 Phoenix Open, where he set or tied seven tour records, including a 72-hole total of 256 that bettered Mike Souchak’s 46-year-old tournament record. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
AIB has confirmed it is investigating a fraud at a popular ATM machine in Letterkenny.The popular ATM machine is Letterkenny was hacked into recently.A customer had his card ‘skimmed’ at the ‘hole-in-the-wall’ cash outlet at Dunnes Stores at lower Main Street.The gang managed to get the details for the card and then attempted to use it for numerous transactions across Europe. They even tried to buy products from Bloomingdales in New York with the debit card.The pass-link machine is used hundreds of times each day in the Cathedral Town.The AIB contacted the man just minutes after the attempt to use his card was made to make him aware of the incident.It is understood the machine has been investigated by AIB software engineers and is working again. The AIB has encouraged anybody who think their account or passcard has been interfered with to contact them.WARNING AFTER POPULAR AIB CASH MACHINE IS ‘SKIMMED’ was last modified: July 21st, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:AIBATM machinebanklinkdonegalfraudletterkenny
3 February 2016Sonwabile Ndamase, Madiba’s shirt-maker, wants to give opportunities to the youth https://t.co/Mu1Ap3qTud pic.twitter.com/LPi5TwYqtK— City Press Online (@City_Press) January 30, 2016Clothing designer Sonwabile Ndamase was born and bred in Libode, formerly in Transkei, now in Eastern Cape, and made his name as the designer of the famous Madiba shirts, the often colourful, always eye-catching shirts worn by the iconic Nelson Mandela.Ndamase is now offering the youth of his home province the opportunity to learn how to make a career in the fashion industry.He launched a learnership programme for his South African Fashion Designers Agency (Safda) in East London on 26 January. Ndamase, wearing one of his trademark shirts, spoke passionately about how the agency was his way of giving back to the community and continuing the legacy of the globally recognised late statesman.“This is very important to me,” said Ndamase. “Part of it is to leave the legacy of Tata Mandela that he asked me to do. He asked me to plough back to the community where I come from and make it a point I change people’s lives.“By wearing my shirt, (Mandela) did the same for me because before that nobody knew me. He opened up the markets for me. We managed to crack the industry and make it a point that things start to work for the betterment of an African child,” he said.S/O to Sonwabile Ndamase on creating and driving the greatest trend to hit the world #MadibaSkirt #FashionFriday pic.twitter.com/PDCLT1iZKZ— Amkelo Jiyane (@_Amkelo) December 6, 2013The birth of the Madiba shirtWhile the original Madiba shirt – known as the ‘fish shirt’ – was designed by local designer Desre Buirski Nash, Ndamase was tasked by Mandela to design his own unique style.Ndamase tells BBQ business magazine how he came to be Madiba’s personal shirt maker: “Tata gave me the brief on how and what he would like to wear. it was influenced by his health at the time. his lungs (affected by the conditions on Robben Island), so he needed something cool to the body, easy to wear, but as he called it ‘well-behaved.’”Ndamase sent Mandela a number of ideas and designs and picked an uncharacteristically colourful one. “Madiba wanted his own look, something different from the usual politician, so I started to create the kind of a shirt that would make him stand out, but still look well-behaved,” Ndamase explained.As the founder and chairperson of Safda and its Vukani Fashion Awards programme, which was started in 1993, Ndamase has put up R250 000 of his own money to kick-start the new learnership project. Partnering with the Sector Education and Training Authority (Seta), the project has raised R3.5-million that will be used to support 150 students while they learn about the process and business of fashion design over the 12-month programme.While the programme is specifically aimed at previously disadvantaged fashion design graduates, it is also open to unemployed youths with an interest in the industry, as well as physically challenged individuals.“The all-inclusive project intends to recruit 25 physically challenged youths to enrol as part of the programme,” Ndamase said.He emphasised that Safda was the only portal through which the evolution of the first generation of South Africa’s fashion artistry could be witnessed since the advent of democracy. In turn, this also ensured the agency’s ability to stay ahead of the curve in a rapidly changing environment.Fashion had an important role to play in forming an African identity, he added. Clothes were symbols, as he told BBQ. They “they tell who you are, where you are coming from and where you are going to. I was trying to send a message: we as young and upcoming designers cannot to be fooled by what is happening around the world and embody ubuntu so that they can show who we are and where we are coming from.”His proudly African philosophy helps to inspire his students to strive to be the best they can be and to deliver original African art and culture: “Africa is fresh, Africa is new, Africa is energetic. we have so much to offer to the world.”Source: News24Wire
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Hay waste has been a constant problem for me through the years. I love my goats, but they waste much hay. In the past, I have tried all kinds of hay feeders, but nothing has worked until we tried this most recent version.I didn’t come up with the design on my own, we modified a design that goat breeders shared on a goat Facebook page. The concept couldn’t be more simple, and it was very easy to make.List of supplies needed: Plywood, 2×4’s and some screws.List of tools needed: A drill, a pencil, and saws (a circular saw and a jigsaw work best).Cut a piece of plywood to the width and length you want the feeder to be. Cut another piece of plywood to serve as the bottom of the feeder. It should be about 4.5 inches wide and the length of the width of your larger plywood. You will screw it to the bottom of the 2×4’s later. Again, it will serve as the bottom of the hay feeder. Set these two pieces aside.Next measure the height of your plywood piece that will serve as the feeder and cut four 2×4’s to that length.Take two of the 2×4’s and place them perpendicular to each other and screw them together – be sure to use long/large screws. Do the same for the other set of 2×4’s. Next screw the piece of plywood for the bottom of the feeder to the bottom of the 2×4 pieces. You should now have a frame.Now decide what size holes you want on your feeder and draw circles the on the large plywood piece that will serve as your feeder. Now take a drill and drill down through edge of each circle so you have place to insert your jigsaw. Then cut each circle out with the jigsaw.Then screw the frame to the wall of the barn. The flat part of the 2×4 frame should be against the wall so it can be easily screwed to the wall.Once the frame is up, simply screw the plywood piece with the holes cut into it to the 2×4 frame and now you have a hay feeder.So far, mine have held up nicely and reduced hay waste significantly.
Your old furnace or boiler is gasping its last breath and it’s time to pull the trigger on something newer, more reliable, and more efficient. How do you quickly size the new equipment?If you leave the sizing calculations to HVAC contractors, most would replace the old furnace with equipment that has a comparable output rating. That would guarantee that you wouldn’t get cold, but at least 19 times out of 20, that would be a mistake. ENERGY CONTENT OF FUELS Natural gas: 1,000 BTU/cu. ft.Propane: 91,333 to 93,000 BTU/gallonFuel oil: 138,700 to 140,000 BTU/gallonKerosene: 120,000 to 135,000 BTU/gallon Methods for calculating a building’s heat loadThat’s the target for sizing equipment. But to get to this target, it’s important to come up with a reasonably accurate design heat load number.You could measure up the windows and walls, estimate the U-factors of different building assemblies, and run an I=B=R load calculation on the whole house, or you could even run a Manual J calculation. But those methods take time, and it’s easy to make errors when estimating the U-factors of components of an older house. It’s human nature to err to the high side when in doubt, which is also a mistake.Fortunately, if you have access to historical fuel purchase history, you don’t have to guess. What about thermostat settings?If the average indoor temperature was kept substantially below 68°F, you can account for that fact by dropping the degree-day base.For example, if you normally keep the thermostat at 62°F rather than 68°F, subtract 6 F° from the temperature bases to get the BTU/degree-hour constant, but add 6 F° to the total heating degrees when you run the final number to be sure it meets code when sizing the equipment. Equipment sizingUnless there is an obvious large error factor that skews the result badly, move on:For sizing the equipment, use the ASHRAE 1.4x sizing factor:1.4 x 29,115 BTU/hr = 40,761 BTU/hr (with a 65°F balance point assumption)1.4 x 31,400 BTU/hr = 43,960 BTU/hr (with a 60°F balance point assumption)If reality happens to be the 60°F balance point — the 31,400 BTU/h implied load number — then using the 1.4x multiplier on the lower 65°F implied load of 29,115 BTU/h yields about 40,761 BTU/h, in which case you’re even covered for the higher implied load with ample margin. Since older equipment probably isn’t fully as efficient as it was when it was new, equipment rated at 40,000 BTU/h should be good enough.But if you got nervous and sized it at 50,000 BTU/h of output, it would still be only ~1.7x oversized for the lower 29,115 BTU/h estimate, which means it would hit its AFUE efficiency number (even though it would be bigger than ideal). From a practical point of view, any heating appliance with an output between 40,000-50,000 BTU/h will be fine.The highest comfort occurs when it’s cold out, when the equipment is actually running and delivering steady heat — rather than running for a while and overshooting the thermostat, with a long cooling off period between cycles. If the new equipment is multi-stage or modulating, it’s best if the lowest stage output is well under the 29,000 BTU/h load, so that the firing range is meaningful.With boilers, use only the DOE output rating for the equipment; ignore the net I=B=R numbers. The fuel use calculation has the distribution and idling losses included — they can’t be separated out. (There are other factors that come into play when dealing with modulating condensing boilers, but that’s a topic for another day.) If the replacement equipment will be a heat pump, consult the extended temperature range tables for its output at the 99% design temperature.Whatever the equipment type, have the load numbers and minimum / maximum output numbers in hand before talking to an HVAC contractor. Three times larger than necessary? What does that mean?A building’s heat load grows (approximately) linearly with the difference between indoor and outdoor temperatures (otherwise known as the delta-T). According to building code, a heating appliance is correctly sized when it is sufficient to cover the difference between 68°F and the outdoor design temperature.For example, consider a house in Washington, D.C. (Climate Zone 4), where the outdoor design temperature is 20°F. If your furnace is oversized by a factor of 3, you could heat the house in a location with a delta-T that was three times larger than your actual delta-T of 48 F° — in other words, in a location with a delta-T of 144 F°. With that much capacity, the heating system won’t lose ground until the outside temperature drops below -76°F — an outdoor temperature not seen in Washington, D.C. since the last ice age!That’s ridiculous, of course — but oversizing a furnace by a factor of 3 is the norm rather than the exception. RELATED ARTICLES Saving Energy With Manual J and Manual DHow to Perform a Heat-Loss Calculation — Part 1How to Perform a Heat-Loss Calculation — Part 2Calculating Cooling LoadsWhen Do I Need to Perform a Load Calculation?We Are the 99% — AND the 1%Understanding Energy UnitsQ&A: Recommendations for Manual J software? Dana Dorsett has lifelong interests in energy policy, building science, and home efficiency. He is currently an electrical engineer in Massachusetts. You can calculate a building’s heat load in 15 minutesYou have instrumentation already in the house that is measuring the heat load: namely, the existing heating equipment. The way to use it for measurement purposes is:Take a mid- to late-winter fuel bill, and note the exact dates covered by the bill — the fill-up dates or the meter-reading dates.Look for a specification label on your furnace or boiler that includes the input BTU/h rating and the output BTU/h rating for your equipment.Download base 65°F or base 60°F heating degree-day spreadsheets covering those dates for a nearby weather station from a website called DegreeDays.net.Look up the 99% outside design temperature (sometimes called the “heating 99% dry bulb temperature”) for your location from a website — for example, from an online document called Manual J Outdoor Design Conditions for Residential Load Calculation.Now you have enough information to estimate your building’s heat load with reasonable accuracy, independent of the house construction details.For example, assume that a house in Washington, D.C. (where the outdoor design temperature is 20°F) used 182 therms of natural gas between January 6 and February 8.If the gas furnace nameplate shows an input rating of 110,000 BTU/h and an output rating of 88,000 BTU/h, you can use those numbers to determine the furnace’s thermal efficiency — in this case, 80%.Multiply the input fuel amount by the efficiency of the equipment to determine how much heat was delivered to the building. Error factorsThe heat load calculated from the difference in temperature from the balance point isn’t a perfectly linear BTU/degree-hour constant as implied by this calculation method. There is an offset related to the internal heat sources like electrical plug loads and warm bodies. But the error from the difference in slope between the linear approximation from a presumptive balance point method shown here and other methods — for example, an I=B=R linear model (based on the indoor temperature) or a more nuanced Manual-J calculation — doesn’t induce a large error when wintertime data are used.If the same heating fuel is also used for domestic hot water, this calculation method exaggerates the implied load numbers, since some of that fuel was used by the water heater and sent down the drain. But some of the space heating came via solar gains that would reduce the implied load numbers. These errors tend to balance each other out to a greater or lesser degree.If you spent 10 days on the beach in Belize during that period, with your home thermostat set to 50°F, use a different billing period.If an auxiliary heating appliance was being used on a regular basis (say, a wood stove or a ductless minisplit), this calculation method will be too far from reality to be useful. If that’s the case, go back to I=B=R or Manual-J.In some cases, your heating equipment may be old, decrepit, and not performing very near its original name plate efficiency. That would skew the calculated number to something higher than reality, but it would have to be pretty far off to make a meaningful difference. If that’s the case, calculate it using some lower efficiency. Even a 100-year-old steam boiler is usually still delivering at least 55% efficiency, and often 65-70%. Furnaces are routinely oversizedMost of the installed heating equipment in the U.S. is oversized. In fact, most equipment has a heat output that is between 2 and 4 times the heating load.There are valid reasons to oversize the equipment a bit, but not by 2 to 4 times the load. Oversizing on that scale results in lower comfort and lower efficiency. Most people want enough capacity to cover somewhat colder temperatures “just in case” there is a cold snap or record low temperatures, or if they need to keep the house at 78°F for a frail elderly parent.With the average installed equipment being 3 times oversized, that means you’re covered. But what are the consequences of this type of equipment oversizing? Oversizing a little is OKThe AFUE testing protocol (used to determine furnace efficiency) presumes an oversizing factor of 1.7 times, which still gives a large margin for colder weather — more than covering the absolute record low temperatures in most locations. When a furnace is oversized by a factor of 1.7, it isn’t so oversized that it impacts efficiency, but that much oversizing is really too much for multi-stage furnaces. A typical two-stage condensing gas furnace has a turn-down ratio of less than 2:1. With most of these furnaces, the low-fire output is still 60% or more of the high-fire output.When a furnace with a low-fire rating of 60% is oversized by a factor of 1.7, you could cover 99% of the building’s heating needs at low fire. You might as well hard-wire the furnace so that it never steps up to high-fire mode.For comfort and efficiency, ASHRAE recommends that heating equipment be sized at 1.4 times the design heat load.At 1.4 times oversizing, the house in the example above would have its heating load fully covered at a temperature difference of (1.4 x 48 F°) = 67 F°. With a delta-T of 67 F°, the heating system is adequate when the outdoor temperature drops to (68°F – 67 F°) = 1°F, which is 19 F° colder than the 99% outside design temperature. But that’s an outdoor temperature that may actually occur a few times over the 15-to-25 year lifecycle of the heating equipment (but not every year). When that happens it’s only for brief periods of time — short enough that the thermal mass of the house keeps it from losing much ground. So there is usually no comfort problem. Expect pushback from contractorsHVAC contractors have become accustomed to installing oversized equipment, and may even think that equipment really needs to be that big. But you don’t have to follow them down the rabbit hole.Have confidence in your fuel use numbers. This calculation method is better than an estimate; it’s a measurement.If you push back, some contractors will balk or refuse to bid equipment that small. (Good riddance!) Others will want you to sign a waiver. (OK — but really?!)Still others will understand that a lipstick-on-mirror fuel-use calculation is sufficiently close to reality that they’ll just go with it if you direct them to.Typical arguments heard from contractors are rules of thumb such as: “It needs to be at least 25 BTU/h per square foot of living space. Your house is 2,400 square feet, so that’s 60,000. Let’s bump it to 75,000 just in case it gets cold out.”Which reliably oversized most houses by at least 2x. Or: “It needs to be at least 90,000 BTU/h or it’ll take forever to return from overnight setback.”Which is almost never true.Recent feedback from a contractor insisting on a 100,000 BTU/h condensing boiler for a house with a design heat load under 30,000 BTU/h (based on fuel use calculations and later verified by Manual-J) went, “It needs to be at least 100,000 BTU/h or it’ll take forever to bring the house up to temperature after you’ve been out of power for a few days.”Out of power for days? How often does that happen each winter (or decade)?Every day, contractors come up with new creative reasons for oversizing. But with the load calculation in your back pocket, you don’t have to accept these arguments. Comparing 65°F HDD calculations with 60°F HDD calculationsAt this point, you may be thinking, “Why would the calculated heating load for a house with 2×4 walls (29,155 BTU/h) be lower than the calculated heating load for a house with 2×6 walls (31,400 BTU/h)?”The short answer is, “Both calculations assume that you’ve used the same amount of fuel over the average outdoor temperatures during the period in question, which yields a higher BTU per degree-hour constant for the house with 2×6 walls.”Put another way, if the better-insulated house used the same amount of fuel during the same weather conditions, its load is going to be higher when it’s really cold out. If two identical houses were built, one with 2×4 walls and the other with 2×6 walls, the 2×6 house should have used less fuel at the average outdoor temperature over the period, not the same amount of fuel. But if different 2×4 and 2×6 houses use the same amount of fuel, the incremental heat requirement of the 2×6 house per degree will be bigger. When you then use that bigger load per-degree constant to predict the load at the outside design temperature, the calculation results in a bigger number. To calculate the net amount of heat that was delivered into the ducts (or into the heating pipes if we are talking about a boiler), take the number of therms indicated on your fuel bill and multiply it by the equipment efficiency:182 therms x (88,000/111,000) = 145.6 thermsThen multiply therms by 100,000 (the number of BTU per therm) to convert therms to BTU:145.6 therms (x 100,000 BTU/therm) = 14.56 million BTU (MMBTU).Next, download and sum up the daily base 65°F heating degree days (HDD) for the nearest weather station — in this case, from station KDCA: Washington National Airport, Virginia — from the DegreeDays.net web site for the period of January 6 through February 7. (Include only one of the meter-reading dates, not both.) In this example, the sum comes to 937.7 HDD-65°F. (See Image #2, below.)Next, download and sum the date for base 60°F. The result is 772.9 HDD-60°F. (See Image #3, below.)14.56 MMBTU / 937.7 HDD is 15,527 BTU per degree-day. With 24 hours in a day, that’s an average of 647 BTU per degree-hour at a balance point of 65°F.14.56 MMBTU / 772.9 HDD is 18,838 BTU per degree-day, and with 24 hours in a day that’s an average of 785 BTU per degree-hour at a balance point of 60°F.A balance point of 65°F with design temp of 20°F is a difference of 45 F° degrees, and the implied heat load is then 45 F° x 647 BTU/F-hr = ~29,115 BTU/hr.At a balance point of 60°F there are only 40 F° heating degrees, and the implied load is 45 F° x 785 BTU/F-hr = ~31,400 BTU/hr.That’s a range of about 8% between the calculation based on 65°F heating degree days and the calculation based on 60°F heating degree days. Which is closest to reality?It depends. Most 2×4 framed houses will have a balance point close to 65°F, most 2×6 framed houses will balance closer to 60°F. But unless it’s a superinsulated house, it’s likely balance point is somewhere in that range. What’s the 99% outdoor design temperature?For a particular location, the “99% outdoor design temperature” is the temperature which is exceeded for 99% of the hours in an average year. In other words, only 1% of the hours in a year are colder than the 99% outdoor design temperature. Heating appliances can be sized to meet a building’s heat load at the 99% outdoor design temperature or at the 99.6% outdoor design temperature. Building codes in the U.S. stipulate that every room be capable of being automatically heated to a minimum of 68°F at the 99% temperature bin for that location, making the 99% approach more relevant than the 99.6% approach. So it’s useful to know the “99% outdoor design temperature” for your location.
Baghdad: Iraqi leaders have warned of the risks of war during a visit by Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, whose country is locked in a tense standoff with the United States. Zarif’s visit to neighbouring Iraq — which is caught in the middle of its two allies the US and Iran — follows a decision by Washington to deploy 1,500 additional troops to the Middle East. Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi warned of the “danger of a war” during a meeting with Zarif on Saturday night, his office said. Also Read – ‘Hong Kong won’t rule out Chinese help over protests’Abdel Mahdi pleaded for the “stability of the region and the upholding of the nuclear deal,” it said, referring to a 2015 agreement between Tehran and major powers. Iraqi President Barham Saleh discussed with Zarif “the need to prevent all war or escalation,” his office said. On Saturday Zarif called the deployment of extra US troops to the region “very dangerous and a threat to international peace and security.” It follows a US decision in early May to send an aircraft carrier strike force and B-52 bombers in a show of force against what Washington’s leaders believed was an imminent Iranian plan to attack US assets. Also Read – Pak Army chief accompanies Imran at key meetings in ChinaWashington says the latest reinforcements are in response to a “campaign” of recent attacks including a rocket launched into the Green Zone in Baghdad, explosive devices that damaged four tankers near the entrance to the Gulf, and drone strikes by Yemeni rebels on a key Saudi oil pipeline. Iran has denied any involvement. The US this month ended the last exemptions it had granted from sweeping unilateral sanctions it reimposed on Iran after abandoning the 2015 nuclear deal in May last year.
Advertisement With a career spanning two decades, Vanessa has been a critical player in the launch and development of several world-renowned brands landing in Canada, including BBC Earth, HGTV Canada and National Geographic. Prior to her role at Blue Ant Media, having held positions at Shaw, CanWest and Alliance Atlantis, she commissioned hundreds of hours of original content, developed original production slates and led scheduling and acquisition strategies for some of Canada’s top speciality channels.“I’m thrilled to be joining the dynamic and creative team at VICE Media Canada and working under the leadership of Naveen to help grow and expand its offerings for the Canadian marketplace and international audiences” said Vanessa Case.In her new role, Vanessa will head up all VICE Studios’ productions in Canada including development, production, financing, sales and licensing, as well as overseeing VICE’s production and post-production facilities located in Toronto.ABOUT VICE MEDIAVICE is the world’s preeminent youth media company and content creation studio. Launched in 1994, VICE now operates in over 30 countries and distributes its programming to viewers across digital, linear, mobile, film and socials. VICE includes an international network of digital channels; a weekly and daily news programming partnership with HBO; a television and feature film production studio; a magazine; a record label; and an in-house creative services agency. Advertisement Advertisement Facebook Vanessa was most recently EVP Content at Blue Ant Media and is a senior media executive with deep expertise in content strategy, delivering business growth, and development and execution for global companies, including owned intellectual property (IP), co-productions and international financing. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: TORONTO – VICE Media Canada, Canada’s leading youth media company and digital studio, is pleased to announce senior media executive Vanessa Case as SVP Studio Canada, effective immediately. “Vanessa is a well known, well regarded executive here in Canada and abroad so we’re thrilled to have her on board’,said Naveen Prasad, President, Vice Media Canada. “She will play a key role as VICE Media Canada continues its focus of being a leading, innovative content producer.” Twitter